Everyone knows that condoms save from unwanted pregnancy and STD’s, but the question that a lot of people still ask is, “How effective are condoms”? I did some research, and today we’ll discuss condom effectiveness in more detail.
Condom effectiveness in preventing pregnancy
When it comes to unwanted pregnancies, studies confirmed that condom can be ineffective only 2% of the time if people read and follow the steps that are written on condom packages describing the proper use of condoms. Looking at it statistically, if you take a hundred women who are having sexual intercourse and their partners use condoms in the right way, then two of these women would get pregnant in a year .
It’s really important to use them consistently and properly (and also to use the right condom size, remember?).
If you don’t use condoms in the proper way, their effectiveness drops significantly – with improper use, it’s 85-88% effective. In other words, out of a hundred women, fifteen or twelve of them would get pregnant during one year.
Condom effectiveness in preventing sexually transmitted diseases
Another function of a latex condom, except preventing pregnancy, is the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Condoms are actually the only contraceptive that will save you from most sexually diseases. Most condoms today are made of latex, but there are also condoms made of polyurethane or natural materials like lambskin. You should keep in mind that natural condoms aren’t effective when it comes to protecting you from diseases.
When talking about sexually transmitted diseases, it is important to note that there are certain diseases not even latex condoms can prevent. STDs that condoms are able to prevent are those that are transmitted by fluids, meaning semen and blood.
These are diseases like AIDS and chlamydia. Diseases can also be transmitted by other ways, like through organisms that are in skin ulcers. One of those diseases is syphilis. In this case, you cannot fully rely on condoms, yet studies showed that you have less chance of contracting them if you use condoms consistently and properly .
For example, if the condom covers the sore it will protect you from the disease. If it doesn’t the transmission can still happen.
Such is also the case with Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and herpes.
Even though condoms cannot completely save you from HPV, if the condom is used the way it is supposed to be used, the chance of a disease decreases.
If you want to be completely safe, then abstinence is your only option. However, if you want to enjoy sex, be sure to use condoms, use them properly, and don’t change partners too often.
ps. Random fact: December 1st is the World AIDS day.