Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are among the health issues that cause pelvic inflammatory disease, which is considered a serious problem. One out of eight women with this problem suffers from pregnancy difficulties. By knowing more on PID, you can protect yourself and your partner.
The Epidemic Caused by Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
STDs are unlike usual epidemics that come and go. At present, the problem affects nearly 20 million people in the United States every year. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), STDs led to a disturbing outbreak despite being caused by just eight bacteria and viruses.
Statistics showed that among men and women, 110 million are affected by the disease. Sadly, new infections are traced in younger people aged from 15 to 24 years, accounting for 50% of the total count.
It is anticipated that the count will be higher, given the fact not all patients are aware they are infected. According to CDC researchers, this is also contributed by how the disease could persist longer.
A Brief Introduction on Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection which targets the reproductive organs of women. It encompasses the pelvis area, which is inclusive to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, and cervix. In the United States, the condition affects around a million women, a truth backed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
By BruceBlaus – Own work, CC BY 3.0
What Factors Could Cause the Development of PID?
Pelvic inflammatory disease causes start with the bacteria. These organisms include chlamydia and gonorrhea, which lead to sexually transmitted infections. The bacteria initially enter the vagina and spread the infection. Over time, the infection will impinge on other pelvic organs.
In addition, cases wherein the cervix is disturbed could also allow the bacteria to have an access to the reproductive tract. These situations include child birth, abortion, an insertion of an intrauterine device or IUD, and miscarriage.
The Top Risk Factors of Getting a PID
You will have a higher risk of obtaining a positive pelvic inflammatory disease diagnosis if you previously had an STD that went untreated. In addition, having more than one sex partner could also be a factor. If you have a sex partner that has more partners apart from you, chances of getting a PID could also be high.
You could reduce the risks associated with the problem in different ways. Primarily, you could avoid STDs by not having oral, anal, or vaginal sexual intercourse.
Nonetheless, if you are sexually active, you still have means of preventing the problem. Staying in a monogamous relationship, doing regular health checkups and always using condoms will surely reduce the chances of contracting an STD.
How to Determine If You Are Already Suffering from PID
You could trace PID in your body through self-assessment. Among the most common symptoms of PID are lower abdominal pain, post-sex ache, fever, unusual vaginal discharge with bad odor, a burning sensation during urination, and bleeding between periods.
Nonetheless, be reminded that some PID patients were not able to detect their problem until they were diagnosed. You should let your doctor examine your current condition even if you simply noticed mild symptoms. If you just knew your partner was exposed to an STD, consult your doctor right away. If you are younger than 25 years of age and sexually active, you should undergo a Chlamydia test every year.
What Will Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Bring into Your Life?
There are different effects PID could bring to your normal life as a woman. Primarily, you have to understand that pelvic inflammatory disease infertility is documented. Permanent functional damage to the reproductive tract is associated with the problem.
According to Journal on Venereology by Westrom L. in November 1995, 10.8% of women who had laparoscopically-verified acute (non-tuberculous) salpingitis suffered from infertility. In addition, out of 448 respondents, four of the women had post-PID infertility.
In addition to infertility issues, you may also suffer from repeated episodes termed as recurrent pelvic inflammatory disease. This is highly possible when a sexual partner is not treated or tested. Moreover, an incomplete course of antibiotics may also lead to this problem. You will likely have the condition again if your fallopian tubes or womb are damaged by your first PID case.
Abscesses may also develop after PID infection, which is characterized by fluid collection in the ovaries and fallopian tubes. It could be treated by laparoscopic surgery or an intake of antibiotics.
Long-term pelvic pain is anticipated with PID. It could be difficult to live with, which is why some women also reported insomnia and depression. Painkillers are usually prescribed to counter this problem.
Could Your Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Be Cured?
Fortunately, you could still cure your PID, particularly if it is diagnosed early. However, doctors would like you to know that damage to your reproductive system is irreversible.
Primarily, you will be subjected to take antibiotics to treat the bacteria in your reproductive organs. Physicians may prescribe two medications for a variety of bacteria. It is possible for the symptoms to go away or your condition to become better in a few days.
Nonetheless, you should ensure you finish the course of antibiotics for a complete recovery. You may be sent to the hospital for medical attention if you are pregnant or sick.
There are cases when a surgical operation may be required. These rare situations are called for when you experience ruptures in your pelvis due to abscess. This is also recommended by a doctor when your antibiotics fail to address the problem.
Your PID is contagious. If you had the problem prior to determination of its presence, you should ask your partner to get treated as well. Men are considered silent patients of PID. It is also probable for your PID to recur if your partner does not get cured. Until the infection is solved, you may be asked to abstain from intercourse.
Think twice before committing to a sexual relationship. This is particularly for women looking forward to establishing a family in the future. Despite the availability of pelvic inflammatory disease treatment, you should keep in mind that safe sex is always the key.